Stages of Gum Disease
The three stages of gum disease are gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis. The beginning stage, gingivitis, begins with a bacterial buildup at the gum line that causes inflammation. The gum tissue will appear red and swollen and will bleed easily. At this stage, gum disease can easily be reversed with thorough home care and regular, professional dental cleanings.
If gingivitis is not attended to properly it will advance to periodontitis. At this stage, the supporting tissue and bone are showing signs of damage. Pockets that harbor bacteria form between the teeth and gum allowing gum disease to advance quickly. You may notice gum recession or gaps between your teeth. Immediate professional treatment is imperative at this point.
Periodontitis will quickly progress to advanced periodontitis without professional treatment. In this final stage of gum disease, supporting bone and tissue has been destroyed and you may notice shifting or loose teeth. The earlier gum disease is diagnosed and treated, the more likely you will be able to save your natural teeth.